Ansar Ahmed Ullah
Contributing Editor, Shottobani
London: A new analysis shows that employees of Chinese, Indian and Mixed or Multiple ethnicity all had higher median hourly pay than White British employees in 2018; while employees in the Pakistani and Bangladeshi ethnic groups had lowest median hourly pay.
The report by UK’s Office for National Statistics (ONS) presented statistics on earnings and employment for different ethnic groups in Great Britain. The report presented raw ethnicity pay gaps for the UK and also used regression analysis to provide more insight into the factors which affect pay for different ethnic groups.
Commenting on today’s article, senior ONS analyst Hugh Stickland said, “Overall, employees from certain ethnic groups such as Indian and Chinese, have higher average earnings than their White British counterparts. However, all other ethnic groups have average wages lower than for White British employees, with employees from the Bangladeshi ethnic group having the largest pay gap. However, once characteristics such as education and occupation are taken into account, the pay gap between White British and most other ethnic groups becomes narrower, though significant differences still remain.”
Some of the main findings were that in 2018, on average, employees from the Chinese ethnic group earned 30.9% more than White British employees; while employees from the Bangladeshi ethnic group, on average, earned 20.2% less than White British employees.
The ethnic groups that make up the smallest proportions of those employed within Great Britain are the Bangladeshi and Chinese ethnic groups, at 0.7% and 0.5% respectively. The estimates of average hourly pay and subsequently the pay gaps are likely to be more volatile or inaccurate for the ethnic groups with smaller sample sizes such as these.
The two ethnic groups with the lowest employment rates are Pakistani and Bangladeshi, with employment rates of 58.2% and 54.9% respectively.
The inactivity rates of women in the Pakistani and Bangladeshi ethnic groups are substantially higher than that of any other ethnic group. This may be because of cultural differences in the dynamics of the family unit. For example, 38.1% of women from a Bangladeshi ethnic group and 32.1% of women from a Pakistani ethnic group are inactive because of looking after the family or home. In comparison the next highest are women from Other ethnic groups at 21.6%.